Opportunity Suspended: How Integrated Student Supports Promotes Positive School Discipline
Integrated supports are defined as “a school-based approach to promoting students’ academic success by developing or securing and coordinating supports that target academic and non-academic barriers to achievement.” Integrated student supports can improve conditions for learning by engaging teachers, families, school staff, and communities to provide a network of support for children. Research shows that, when well implemented, this approach can promote the success of individual students and create the type of supportive learning environment that enables all students to thrive.
State policymakers can help by providing a balanced approach—supporting laws that limit the use of exclusionary discipline while also supporting schools ‘capacity to foster safe and productive learning environments. Policymakers can contribute by supporting school-based efforts to provide students with trauma-informed care that builds protective factors like social and emotional skills and strong relationships with adults.